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العوامل المؤثرة في الاحتكاك

العوامل المؤثرة في الاحتكاك

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Published by molode2008
العوامل المؤثرة في الاحتكاك
العوامل المؤثرة في الاحتكاك

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Published by: molode2008 on Nov 05, 2010
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11/21/2012

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4'-Ǝ=V' ¿- Ɖ,-Ƃ--' J-';·

-' :
*- ¸-Ǝ¹~=¹' ¸-ƈ~~`Ǝ¹' _=~ Ɗ-=¸- ) ¸¹~ſ · ¸~= (
*- Ɖ~'~¹' Ɗ·-ƈ= ) Ɔ~= · ~-~= (
*- Ɗ=¸~¹'
'~-ƃ¸ · ¸=Ž »~= _=~ _¹= Ɔ¹- »~= ¸¹¸-- '~~-= =-· ƀ~-ƍ ` ='´Ǝ=`' Ɖ¸· ´ ¸ƃ _-'~ ¸· »~= =¸=Ǝ- '~~-= ' --ſ ƀ~-ƍ
»ſ `-'~ _-'~¹' '~- ¸'´ -'¸~ ' ¸'= Ŧ
' -·`¸-' ' ´'´Ǝ=' ¸¸´- ¸ſ '~ƃ Ɗƈ¹-¹' »'~=`' ¸-Ƈ ='´Ǝ=`' ) ¸`¸-' Ɗ¹'= ¸· ¸=Ž _=~ _¹= »~= ( ¸¸´- ¸ſ '~ƃ¸ ·
' -=¸=~ƍ ) ¸=Ž »~= _¹= »~= Ɗ=¸=~ Ɗ¹'= ¸· ( Ŧ
¿-V,-(' 4'-Ǝ=V' ť
»'~=`' ¸-Ƈ Ə~'=¹' ='´Ǝ=`' ¸- ¸·ƈ¹' '+-·Ƈ ¸¸· ¸¹¸-ƍ '~~-= Ɗƈ¹-¹' Ŧ
='-- '~-¸ ='´Ǝ=`' ¸~ ¸'=¸- ť
~'=-' 4'-Ǝ=V' ť
Ɗ~~`Ǝ~¹' Ɖ~~'=¹' »'~=`' _¸=~ ¸-Ƈ ƀ~-- ¸~¹' ¸-¸
Ŷ Ɔ,-' 4'-Ǝ=V' ť
~-= Ƌ'¸'·¹'¸ .-'¸~¹' Ƌ'-ƈ= ¸-Ƈ ƀ~-- ¸~¹' ¸-¸ '+-'-¸= Ŧ
4'-Ǝ=V' µ;- Ɗ·-ƈ ť
_¹= ~~Ǝ·ƍ ='´Ǝ=`' ,¸· Ɗ·-ƈ= ´ ¸ƃ Ɖ¸'¸=¹' Ɗ=¸~´ Ɖ¸-`´ .~'¸= Ɗ-¸~¹' ,¸-¹' ¸~ ' ~'~ſ _Ǝ-ƍ '+-´¹¸ '-¸-=¸ ƊƇ¸=¸¹'¸
·-· ~¸=¸~¹' =~¸¹' Ƌ'¸~¸ »~=¹'¸ _=~¹' ¸~ .´ Ƌ'--¸=¸ Ƌ'¸~ ¸-Ƈ Ɗ¹~'ƈƎ~¹' Ɗ---¸=¹'¸ .´ Ɗ·-ƈ= _¹= ~~Ǝ·ƍ ¸+· '~¹¸
'~+-~ Ŧ
,¸· ƀ~-~ ¸¸--'-¸--¹' -'~¹·¹' _=¸-¸ '~=`' _¸=~ ¸· Ɗ-¸+=~ Ƌ'--¸=ƍ¸ Ƌ'-¸Ǝ- ~¸=¸ _¹ƃ ='´Ǝ=`' '+Ǝ~¸·- ƌ·¹Ƈ '~+~ »
· Ɖ¸-Ƈ _~~- '~ ¸-==~¹' ¸~ .´¹ Ƌ'--¸=Ǝ¹'¸ Ƌ'-¸Ǝ-¹' -~- .='~ƍ ¸= _Ǝ--¸ ='´Ǝ=`' Ŧ
Ƌ'-¸Ǝ- .¹=Ǝƍ --= _=~`' Ɗ-¸~= -¸- ¸· ='´Ǝ=`' Ɖ¸-'= ¸-~-ƍ ¸´~- ¸¹'Ǝ¹'Ƈ¸ · ¸=`' _=~¹' ~-~'=ſ ¸-==~¹' ~=ſ
=-¸=ƍ Ɗ¹¸'=~ ~-= Ɗ~¸'-~ ¸·`- '--Ƅ· ¸=`' »~=¹' _¹= ¸-~~=¹' ~=ſ . ¸-·ƍ Ɗ-~'~~ Ɖ¸· Ɖ¸¸- ¸· ¸+=ƍ Ɗ~¸'-~¹' -~-¸
Ɗ´¸=¹' ='´Ǝ=`' Ɖ¸· »~' '+-¹= ¸¹=-¸ Ŧ
»~=¹' ¸¸· ¸`¸-`'Ƈ ¸-~~=¹' ~=ſ ſ~ƈ- '~~-=¸ ¸¸´Ǝ~ --= ' ~'~ƍ '~=`Ǝ- ¸´¹ ¸-==~¹¹ ¸·'´¹' ƌ·¸¹' ¸·¸Ǝ- ¸¹ ·-Ƅ· ¸=`'
¸·Ƈ `' _~ Ɗ¹='~Ǝ~ ¸-= Ƌ'-¸Ǝ-¹' Ɗ=·'=~¹¹ .·ſ Ɖ¸· _¹ƃ _'Ǝ=- '--Ƅ· =¹~¹ Ɗ=-Ǝ-¸ · ~-~'= ¸Ǝ¹' =¹ƍ ¸~ »~=¹' =¸=ƍ _¹=
Ɗ´¸=¹' =~¸ _¹= ·¹·=¹ '+='Ǝ=- Ŧ
'~~-= Ɗ-·'´ ¸-= Ɖ¸-¹' ¸¸´ƍ '~~-=¸ ·'+-'=ƍ'Ƈ Ɗ¹== ·ƈ~´ƍ '+-Ƅ· »~= ¸· Ɗ-¸Ǝ~ ¸-= Ɖ¸· ¸`Ƃƍ '-´'~ .=- ·-Ƅ· »~=¹' =-¸=Ǝ¹
ƈ-- '-=-¸~ƍ Ɖ¸-¹' -~- Ɖ~'-¸Ƈ¸ · =~¸ _¹= »~=¹' _ ¸~=¹' _=~¹' ¸¸· ¸`¸-`'¸ Ɗ´¸=¹' Ŧ
Ɖ¸Ǝ· .`= '-´'~ »~=¹' -'-Ƈ¸ ¸¸'~ƍ »~=¹' ¸· Ɖ¸`Ƃ~¹' ,¸-¹' Ɗ¹-=~ ¸ſ _¹= .-¹~ Ɗ-=¸'=¹' Ɖ¸-¹' Ɖ~'-¸ ¸-- Ŧ
-'=ƍ` ¸´'·~ -'=ƍ' ¸· .~·ƍ¸ »~=¹' ¸· ¸`Ƃƍ ,¸=ſ Ɖ¸· ='-- ¸ſ _Ǝ-Ǝ~- '~+¹¸ =¹¹ ¸´~ſ '~¹ `ƃ¸ · Ɖ¸`Ƃ~¹' Ɖ¸-¹' ¸ſ »~
Ɖ~='¸ Ɖ¸· ¸-`ƀƍ ƌ=ƍ '··'¸ ¸'´ ¸¹ ¸¸Ǝ- =-· Ŧ
Ɗ~´'·~¹' Ɖ¸-¹' -~- ¸ſ¸ ) ='´Ǝ=`' Ɖ¸· ( ~'~¸ƍ .Ƈ ¸'~-~¹' ¸· ƊƎƇ'` ƌ~-¹ Ɖ¸`Ƃ~¹' Ɖ¸-¹' Ƌ~'¸ '~¹´ '-=-¸~ƍ ) ¸ ( .-ƍ _Ǝ=
¸-'+- ~= _¹ƃ Ŧ
»¹ '~ ·-ƃ ¸ſ -·Ǝƍ ='´Ǝ=`' Ɖ¸· ¸Ƅ· ¸=`¹ Ɗƈ~-¹'Ƈ =¸=Ǝ¹' ¸· ¸-~~=¹' ~=ſ ſ~ƈ- '~¹´ ~'~¸ƍ --=Ƈ ¸ ¸· Ɖ¸`Ƃ~¹' Ɖ¸-¹' Ƌ~'¸
¸'Ǝ-¸'~Ǝ~ ¸'ƍ¸-¹' _-ƈƍ --=Ƈ¸ »~=¹' Ŧ
»~=¹' ſ~ƈ- '~~-=¸ ='´Ǝ=`¹ ¸'~-~ _-·ſ ¸= .-ƍ ='´Ǝ=`' Ɖ¸· ¸Ƅ· =¸=Ǝ¹'Ƈ

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